Known as the world's hardest substance, diamonds have captured the hearts of mankind for thousands of years.
Where do they come from?
Diamonds, composed of carbon, form one hundred miles underneath the earth's surface with extreme pressure and heat. Most diamonds are pulled from many of the diamond mines around the world, however some come from volcanic eruptions which diamonds are naturally sent to the surface.
When first mined, the stones are not in any shape to throw into a ring setting and be worn. In fact, with their natural form one may throw a diamond into a gravel driveway thinking it is just an ordinary rock. It is by cutting the stone, polishing it and shaping it into perfection where diamonds receive their visual appeal.
Diamonds are valued all over the globe for their strength and brilliance. As one of the best gemstones as far as holding value, diamonds are ideal for family heirlooms and treasures.
The first thing determined when cutting a diamond is the diamond shape. With many shapes to choose from, the consumer has countless options for jewelry pieces. Each shape has a different cut style that optimizes facets and light capture.
The classic round-diamond is the most popular shape in the entire world. In today's market it still hold dominance even while competing with new and more modern shapes. In fact, a diamond cutter will even sacrifice carat weight in order to produce a round cut diamond.
The square shaped diamond is very popular, known for a sleek, modern look the princess-cut was a dominator of the jewelry market for about three decades. The shape of the Princess Cut looks like an inverted pyramid and has become an instant classic. When cutting a princess shape, the diamond cutter uses more of the raw material than when cutting a round-cut diamond, this causes princess cut diamonds to be less expensive than their round counterparts.
The emerald cut gets its name for the way that the gemstone, Emerald, is typically cut. This cut on average has fifty-seven facets, and originally designed to show off color in gemstones. The large table of a emerald-cut diamond gives little room for any imperfections of color or clarity.
The Marquise (mar-kee) Cut was developed in the 1700's in France when King Louise XV ordered a diamond to be cut to resemble the lips of his mistress. They were from then on worn as a symbol of royalty for years after. The design is beautiful, displaying an of average fifty-eight facets showing of the brilliance of the diamond. They can be set horizontal or vertically.